Here there are the exercises from the extra grammar theory about wishes and related forms we were taught yesterday in the English class at the Escuela Oficial de Idiomas. In addition there is included the key points to bear in mind when doing the exercises.
1 Wishes about the present use a past tense form, and wishes a bout the past use a past perfect form.
2 Wishes with would refer either to annoying habits or to something we would like to happen.
3 Past tense forms are used after It’s time and I’d rather to show an imaginary situation.
- It’s time we left.
4 I hope … can be used in a similar way to I wish … But I hope is used only for wishes that are actually possible, and it usually has a good meaning.
- I hope you have a good time.
- There’s a lot to see. I hope you won’t be late.
Wish cannot be used in this way.
I hope… can be used with the infinitive.
- I hope to see you next week.
But I wish with the infinitive has a different meaning. It is a formal way of saying I’d like to or I want to.
- I wish to interview you for the job next week.
Note also these expressions:
- I wish you luck/success in your new job.
- We wish you a happy New Year.
1 Underline the most suitable verb form un each sentence.
a) I wish Peter doesn’t live/didn’t live/wouldn’t live so far way from the town centre. We’ll have to take a taxi.
b) I feel rather cold. I wish I brought/had brought my pullover with me.
c) What a pity. I wish we don’t have to/didn’t have to/wouldn’t have to leave.
d) I wish you tell/told/had told me about the test. I haven’t done any revision.
e) I wish the people next door hadn’t made/wouldn’t make/couldn’t make so much noise. I can’t hear myself think!
f) Darling, I love you so much! I wish we are/had been/would be/could be together always!
g) I’m sorry I missed your birthday party. I really wish I come/came/had come/would come.
h) I like my new boss but I wish she gave/would give/could give me some more responsibility. (?)
i) Having a lovely time in Brighton. I wish you are/were/had been here.
j) This car was a complete waste of money. I wish didn’t buy/hadn’t bought it.
2 Put the verb in brackets into a suitable verb form.
a) This train journey seems endless! I wish we (go) ____had gone____ by car.
b) I wish I (have) ____had____ the money to buy some new clothes, but I can’t afford any at the moment.
c) I wish the government (do) ____would do____ something about the pollution in the city.
d) I’m getting really soaked! I wish I (not forget) ____hadn’t forgot____ my umbrella. (?)
e) I wish you (not do) ____wouldn’t do____ that! It’s really annoying habit!
f) That was a lovely meal, but I wish I (not eat) ____hadn’t eaten____ so much. (?)
g) I wish I (study) ____could study____ harder for my exams. I’m not going to pass.
h) I wish you (not leave) ____wouldn’t leave____ you dirty shoes in your bedroom!
i) I’m afraid I have no idea where Diana has gone. I wish I (know) ____knew____.
j) I really enjoyed our trip to the theatre. I wish we (go) ____could go____ more often.
3 Underline the most suitable verb form im each sentence.
a) A cheque is all right, but I’d rather you pay/paid me cash.
b) Imagine you live/lived in New York. How would you feel?
c) If only I have/had/would have a screwdriver with me.
d) If you want to catch the last train, it’s time you leave/left.
e) I’d rather you don’t/didn’t tell anyone about our conversation.
f) I’ve got a terrible headache. If only I didn’t drink/hadn’t drunk that wine.
g) If you don’t mind, I’d sooner you practised/had practised/would practise you violin somewhere else.
h) It’s high time you learn/learned to look after yourself.
i) Jean thinks that everyone likes her. If only she knows/knew what people say behind her back!
j) I’d rather we stay/stayed at home this Christmas for a change.