grammar: questions and negatives


Today we’ve done Grammar exercises in class. To begin with we started taking a look at the Grammar subject.

Questions & Negatives

The word order in normal statements is:

subject + (auxiliary verb) verb + object: Everybody has the same reaction.

Make negatives by putting not after the fisrt auxiliary verb.

I haven’t been doing it for that long.

If there is no auxiliary verb (ie present simple and past simple) add do/does/did.

I didn’t know such a thing existed.

Make questions by putting the subject between the auxiliary verb and the main verb.

(question word) + (auxiliary verb) + subject + verb: What was it used for in the first place?

If there is no auxiliary verb (ie present simple and past simple) add do/does/did.

Did he hurt anybody?

In questions with be put the subject after the verb.

Are you a bit sensitive about it?

If the question word who is the subject of the verb, do not use do/does/did with the present or past simple. Put the verb after the subject as in a normal statement.

What happens if someone gets killed one day?

Exercises

1 Make the verbs in bold negative.

1 Jayne‘s a big fan of paintballing.
A: Jayne isn’t a big fan of paintballing.

2 Dave‘s been training very hard recently.
A: Dave hasn’t been training very hard recently.

3 Harry knows a lot about the sport.
A: Harry doesn’t know a lot about the sport.

4 Jayne‘d like to see paintballing banned.
A: Jayne wouldn’t like to see paintballing banned.

5 Dave‘d heard people criticizing paintballing before.
A: Dave hadn’t heard people criticizing paintballing before.

6 Jayne‘ll be doing paintballing with Dave some time soon.
A: Jayne won’t be doing pauntballing with Dave anytime soon.

2 Complete the questions with the correct form of the ausiliary verbs in the box. Leave a blank if an auxiliary is not needed.

be – do – have

1 When ____are____ you going? Tomorrow, isn’t it?

2 National champion? How long ____have____ you been doing that, then?

3 ____Have____ I touched a raw nerve there?

4 Who ____(–none–)____ started it off? ____Wasn’t____ it designed for training soldiers?

5 What ____(–none–)____ happened? ____Did____ anyone get hurt?

6 What ____are____ you saying? ____ Are____ you suggesting the sport should be banned?

NOTE: 4 and 5 don’t need an auxiliary because who and what question words are the subject of the verb.

4 Write questions from the prompts.

1 How long/do it? – How long have you been doing it?

2 When/usually do it? – When does he usually do it?

3 Who/with? – Who has her teamed with?

4 How/get into it? – How did you get into it?

5 Who/start you off? – Who started you off?

6 What aspect/interest you/the most? – What aspect are you interested in the most?

7 What/best way/to get started? – What is the best way to get started?

8 You/recommend it to a friend? – Would you recommend it to a a friend?

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