Next week is exam time. I’m going to study hard to pass the exams. And I’m going to recap vocabulary and grammar from all the units of the book. To begin with the beginning, I’m dealing with modal verbs. Our teacher has given to us a paper with a recipe about modal verbs related to their use and an example of each one.
– Must: (I must remember to phone Emily tonight. It’s her birthday.)
– Have to: (Did you have to stay until the end of the exam?)
– Must: (I must buy a new pair of shoes for the wedding.)
– Have to: (I have to call the hotel to book the room.)
– Need: (We need to talk to your parents before making a decision.)
– Mustn’t: (You mustn’t drive along this street.)
– Can’t: (You can’t use the library without a student’s card.)
– Can/Could: (You can open your books now.)
– May/Might: (May I go to the toilet please?)
No obligation/No necessity
– Don’t have to: (You don’t have to wait for me. I’ll get a taxi home after the play.)
– Don’t need to/Needn’t: (You needn’t pay for the room now, you can pay at the end of your stay.)
Advice or Opinion
– Should/Shouldn’t: (You shouldn’t eat so much fat. It’s bad for your arteries.)
– Ought to/Oughtn’t to: (Doctors ought to listen to their patients more.)
Deduction or Probability
– Must(+)/Can’t(-): (Look at her: she must have lost 20 kilos!) (They can’t be British: they speak French.)
– Could: (That could be her father: he’s red-haired too.)
– May/Might: (He may missed the bus.) (She might like that style.)
Ability and Possibility
– Can/Could: [Present, Past and Conditional] (I can speak Chinese.) (My son could read when he was four.) (I couls swim 200 metres if I had to.)
– Be able to: [Rest of tenses] (he’ll be able to resit the exam in September.) (I would like to be able to speak Japanese.)
– Shall: (Shall I help you with your luggage?)
Besides the grammar tips, we were given two additional slips of paper with exercises. These were done yesterday in class.
(First slip of paper)
Put in can, could, will be able or would be able to.
1. My father ___can___ speak eight languages, but he can’t write any of them.
2. In another year I ___will be able to___ speak English pretty well, I think.
3. When I was younger I ___could___ swim really fast.
4. If we were at home now we ___would be able/could___ ask Martin what he thinks.
5. I ___could___ walk when I was one year old but I ___couldn’t___ talk until I was three.
6. If you didn’t spend so much money on cigarettes you ___could___ buy a car.
7. I can’t tell you anything now, but I ___will be able to___ give you some information tomorrow.
8. ___Can___ you understand what she’s saying?
Put in can’t, could, don’t have to, have to, might, must, mustn’t, needn’t, shall, should or shouldn’t.
9. She ___doesn’t have to/needn’t___ go to bed early; tomorrow is a holiday.
10. You ___mustn’t/shouldn’t___ drive a car if you’ve been drinking. (Note: mustn’t for law enforcement/shouldn’t for advice/recommendation)
11. You’re looking tired. You ___should___ go to bed.
12. If you’re on a diet, you ___shouldn’t___ eat those cream cakes.
13. “___Shall___ I open that door for you?” “Yes, please. It’s too heavy for me. And ___could___ you carry this, please?”
14. That woman ___cannot___ see. She’s blind.
15. That man is very tall. he ___must___ be a basketball player.
16. I’m not sure yet but I ___might___ come to the concert tomorrow.
17. You are putting on too much weight. You ___should___ start a diet.
18. There’s a holiday tomorrow so I ___don’t have to/needn’t___ get up early, but I ___have to/must___ go to school the day after tomorrow, so I’ll ___have to___ get up at seven o’clock. (will have to = must in the future)
19. I ___should___ wash my hair this evening but I think I’ll go to the cinema instead.
20. When you are in London you ___must___ drive on the left.
21. You ___must___ be over seventeen to drive the car in Britain.
22. You ___shouldn’t___ go to bed very late when you have a test the next morning.
23. Mary went to the dentist yesterday. She ___had to___ make three more appointments.
24. My teacher said I ___don’t have to/needn’t___ do my homework today as I’ve got an important tennis match but I ___must___ do it tomorrow.
25. I ___might___ go to Bristol this weekend, but I’m not sure.
26. She has taken her swimming costume and her towel. She ___must___ be at the swimming pool.
27. The lights are out and the door’s locked. He ___can’t___ be at home.
28. They ___can’t___ be English because they’ve both got American accent.
29. No, I haven’t seen Anna. She ___might/could be at her friend’s house or she ___might/could be at home.
30. He ___can’t___ be sixteen years old! He looks much younger!